Flooding Interventions and Management in Nigeria

Floods are the most prevalent natural disaster and cause the most deaths worldwide (Doocy et al., 2016; Jonkman, 2015). Floods occur when a large amount of water flows over previously dry ground (Djimesah, Okine & Mireku, 2018). Floods are said to be responsible for about half of all deaths caused by natural disasters (EM-DAT, 2017). Floods are also the most common natural disaster, affecting over 2.8 billion people worldwide and killing over 200 000 individuals in the last three decades (Hashizume, 2016). Floods were responsible for 47 percent of all weather-related disasters worldwide between 1995 and 2015, affecting 2.3 billion people (UNISDR 2015). Floods are naturally induced by rising temperatures, which result in heavy rains, glacier melt, and ocean thermal expansion, leading in a rise in sea levels and inundation of coastal territories (Halgamuge &

Leadership Challenges and Development in Nigeria What To Know

Leadership is One of the significant challenges facing Nigeria and other developing areas of the world is how to create a context of stable political and socio-economic environment for policies and programs to be implemented. Getting the right leadership to propel good governance has been a recurring decimal in Nigeria. Once this enabling environment is created, it becomes easy for the people to confront and resolve challenges facing them by using resources within their environment to create a condition of life where each stage is progressively better than the preceding one. However, this is not the case in Nigeria due to poor leadership and bad governance. Good leadership encapsulates transparency, accountability, freedom of choice, and liberty for the people to pursue their individual and corporate interests. Indeed, at the core of Nigeria’s democratic challenges and underdeveloped status are corruption and leadership deficit.